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The Acoma Pueblo is one of the oldest still inhabited dwelling in North America.  Located approximately 80 miles west of Albuquerque, N.M., The "Sky City" of Acoma is perhaps one of the most beautiful and mystifying locations. 
The pueblo itself is located on a mesa about 370 feet above the valley floor.  Very easy to defend, it also makes life difficult.  It is estimated that is has been inhabited as early as 1100 A.D. 
The Spaniards, led by Coronado, are believed to have advanced on the mesa in about 1540 A.D.
With the Spaniards arrived the missionaries.  As a result, one of the most beautiful missions was built, the San Esteban Del Rey Mission. 
The Acoma are a matriarchal society.  The 300 or so structures on the mesa are passed on from mother to daughter and 'owned' by the women.  though not all Acoma live on the mesa year-round, a good portion return to the mesa often.  Additionally, some families are chosen to live on the mesa by the tribal council year round, a great honor.